Breast Cancer: Who is at Risk?
BREAST CANCER - WHO IS AT RISK
By Vani Manyam, MD, UAP Clinic Oncologist
Estimates show that approximately 230,000 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in 2013. Breast cancer is the number one cancer among women in the United States. It is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among American women. One in eight women will be diagnosed with breast cancer during their lifetime.
Risk factors for the development of breast cancer can be categorized into the following:
2. Family history
3. Benign breast disease
4. Hormonal factors
5. Life style
6. Prior thoracic radiation
The risk of breast cancer is very high among women with BRCA 1and BRCA 2 mutations. Women who carry these mutations has a lifetime risk of getting breast cancer up to 80%. Only 5-10% of all women with breast cancer have these mutations. These mutations are hereditary and transmitted from generation to generation. Families with two or more women with breast or ovarian cancers, especially if these occurred at a relatively young age need to be checked for these genetic mutations.